Businesses and nonprofit organizations that have recently hired unemployed veterans and those that do so before 2013 may be eligible for a tax credit of as much as $9,600 for each unemployed veteran hired by a business or as much as $6,240 for each unemployed veteran hired by a qualified tax exempt organization. Qualifying businesses will receive a credit against income tax, and qualifying tax exempt organizations will receive a credit against the employer's share of Social Security tax.
The tax credit is a result of the bipartisan VOW to Hire Heroes Act of 2011, unanimously passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the President on November 21, 2011, which expanded the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (or "WOTC") to include certain classes of unemployed veterans. The amount of credit available depends on the length of time the veteran was unemployed before being hired, the number of hours the veteran works, the amount the veteran is paid in the first year of employment, and whether the veteran has a service-related disability.
Businesses and tax exempt organizations that wish to take advantage of the tax credit need to be aware of two critical deadlines. You will not get the tax credit if you fail to meet either one:
- First, the expanded tax credit expires at the end of the year. The veteran must start work on or before December 31, 2012.
- Second, the employer must file certain forms within 28 days after the veteran starts work. (Other rules were in place for veterans hired before May 22, 2012.) Different forms are required for businesses and for tax exempt organizations. The process of for claiming the credit, including a list of the required forms, is summarized here.
The IRS has provided several other sources of information on the WOTC for veterans, including a list of frequently asked questions and a detailed description of the WOTC. You should also consult your tax advisor.